2005) and significant findings published in prominentjournals (Sagarin etal.
the comparative ease of publishing the nonsignifiÂcant findings in this field are likely attributable to nuanced reasons surrounding the effect and the theoretical approached taken.Changing Practices to Address the CrisisAs a field
numerous suggestions have emerged on how to deal with the underlying reasons for the crisis of confidence. One approach employed by journals is encouraging preregistered studies. In this approach
a studyâs background
and methods are independently reviewed before any data are collected. The goal of this approach is to ameliorate the focus on publishing significant results because these studies are guaranteed publiÂcation based on the quality of the research rather than obtaining results that reach a significance level of p < .05.Another technique that has been employed is the use of massive collaborative projects that conduct multiple replications at the same time such as the ManyLabs studies (Alogna et al. 2014) or the Collaborative Replications and Educational Project (Grahe Brandt IJzerman & Cohoon 2014). This technique has many advantages such as the inclusion of more diverse participants and a greater confidence in the veracity of the data collected due to the large numbers of collaboraÂtors and sharing of the raw data. This approach also provides advantages to researchers who have more limited resources at their home institutions to be involved in the larger scientific enterprise and discourse.These approaches certainly have their strengths and advantages. However they work best when incorporated into a long-term research agenda looking at an already established research question. New researchers are less likely to have successful preregistrations or to be leading a multiple-lab based project. As such there remains a need for outlets that are willing to publish high- quality replications.Moving ForwardPCJ has always published high-quality psychologiÂcal papers ranging from papers featuring novel hypotheses (Peters Holgreen & Oswald 2015) to studies focused on replication (Casad & Lee 2014). In collaboration with the Psi Chi Research Advisory Committee the PCJ editorial team is launching a replication initiative with this issue. As part of this initiative PCJ will encourage the submission of replication studies provide a special notation in PCJ for replication studies and add the keyword âreplicationâ to reviewersâ expertise. PCJ enthusiastically welcomes reviewers with expertise in reviewing replication studies. The PCJ editorial team hopes that these structural changes will comÂmunicate the importance of replication studies and encourage researchers to engage in their execution and dissemination of findings whether significant or not.There are two ends of the spectrum on replicaÂtion: direct replication and conceptual replication (Schmidt 2009). A direct replication attempts to most direcdy recreate the study that is being repliÂcated (in materials procedures and participants). In practice there are very few published direct replications. More commonly a study will feature a direct replication and an additional manipulaÂtion or extension. Alternatively in a conceptual replication the basic research question is repliÂcated but with different materials procedures or participants that are still conceptually linked. PCJ has always been open to both conceptual and direct replications.Ultimately the biggest factor that will be evaluÂated in the submission of any PCJ manuscript will be the quality of the manuscript. The adequacy of the sample size for the conclusions reached (Anderson & Maxwell 2015) will remain an imporÂtant factor in decisions. Additionally the quality of the materials and methods will be evaluated (see Uncles & Kwok 2013 for a discussion of materials in the context of replication science). Finally the adequacy of the analyses and the reporting of the entire manuscript will be considered as well.As an illustration of what good replication sciÂence can look like to Psi Chi we point to Keeran and Burmeister (2015) featured in the current issue of PCJ. Here Keeran and Burmeister employed a primarily direct replication approach although several changes and their potential impact were noted. Like all manuscripts employing a replicaÂtion approach the paper was evaluated on its own merits with the replicative approach being neither a benefit nor a hindrance to acceptance of the manuscript.Ultimately it is our hope that our field conÂtinues to embrace the benefits of replications in psychology. The field is strengthened by increasing60 COPYRIGHT 2016 BY PSI CHI THE INTERNATIONAL HONOR SOCIETY IN PSYCHOLOGY (VOL. 21 NO. 1/ISSN 2164-8204) sources that can help you Kopp, R. E., F. J. Simons, J. X. Mitrovica, A. C. Maloof, and M. Oppenheimer. 2009. Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage. Nature 462:863-868, doi:10.1038/nature08686.;Kok, M., B. Metz, J. Verhagen, and S. Van Rooijen. 2008. Integrating development and climate policies: National and international benefits. 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