2020). In this case
some of the lifestyle behaviors such as smoking present risks to the pregnant women as they create a higher chance for them to get pregnancy abnormalities. There is also the problem experienced when a mother is under 17 years and above 35 years. Most of these affect the fetus that is exposed to the harmful substances and thus affected since they are not able to undergo complete development and thus go through numerous issues once they are born. In particular
smoking during pregnancy has been associated with restriction of fetal growth and placenta prevue. It is for this reason that an alternative measure that includes the use on nicotine replacement therapy that has minimal risks rates becomes important.